The Canadian Association of Orthodontists recommends children first visit the orthodontist by the age of seven. By this time, the first permanent molars and incisors have usually come in. This early phase of treatment is known as early or preventive orthodontics (Phase I).
Even at an early age, dental and skeletal problems such as crowded teeth, narrow or underdeveloped jaws, large or overdeveloped jaws, cross bites, overbites, and underbites can start to develop.
Early treatment can include expanders, partial braces, and orthodontic appliances. It can reduce or prevent the need for more invasive treatment in the future and can help stop harmful oral habits.
Dentofacial orthopedics, or growth modification, involves guiding the facial growth and development in children. The aim is to achieve proper balance and structure of the face bones and jaws, as well as the surrounding muscles and soft tissues.
Orthopedic treatment can take place with or without conventional braces. The orthodontist diagnoses and treats the teeth, jaws, bones, and surrounding tissues, bringing them into a harmonious equilibrium. While treatments depend on the individual, orthodontic appliances like jaw expanders, jaw positioners, or functional appliances are often used.Book An Appointment
Getting orthodontic treatment as an adult can improve your overall health. A beautiful, healthy smile can have an impact on your confidence to show your smile.
Adult orthodontic treatment may help you avoid costly dental work down the road. Crooked teeth increase your chances of plaque and food build-up and make it very difficult to brush and floss properly, which can cause cavities and gum disease.
Misaligned teeth can also cause jaw shifting, uneven bite, and distribution of forces, which may lead to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) issues, headaches, and ear pain. Correctly aligned teeth may be less prone to getting cavities, chipping, becoming irregularly worn down, developing gum or bone disease, and having receding gums.
There’s no age limit for starting orthodontic treatment! Your teeth can move at any age, even if you’ve had braces before. In fact, almost 20% of people in braces today are adults.
Getting orthodontic treatment as an adult may be worth the investment. Adult orthodontic treatment options like clear braces and Invisalign (clear aligners) are great alternatives to traditional metal braces. You can achieve improved aesthetics while in treatment without compromising results.Book an Appointment
Although some people use this term to refer to Invisalign, clear braces in this case are actually similar to traditional metal braces. Unlike metal braces, however, these are made of ceramic and are white or tooth coloured, which helps the brackets blend in with the shades of natural teeth. The ceramic is generally non-staining.
Clear ceramic braces tend to be used more on upper front teeth than on lower teeth. They can also be used on the lower teeth if the bite is permitting. While they’re visually less prominent, clear braces do require more attention to eating habits as they’re larger and more brittle than their metal counterparts.Book an Appointment
Surgical orthodontics, jaw surgery, or orthognathic surgery treats and corrects jaw irregularities. These irregularities can affect your ability to chew, talk, sleep, and breathe. The surgery also improves facial appearance.
When jaw surgery is required, total orthodontic treatment generally takes between 10 to 18 months of active orthodontic treatment. Surgery wait and recovery may increase this time period. Before and after jaw surgery, you’ll need to wear braces and regularly visit the orthodontist.
Patients can undergo lower jaw surgery, upper jaw surgery, or a combination of both. Patients usually heal within four to eight weeks, and most have their braces removed six to 12 months after the surgery.
Your temporomandibular joints (TMJs) connect your lower jawbone to your skull. TMD occurs when there are problems with the muscles and jaw joints in the face.
Common TMD symptoms include:
Orthodontic treatment for TMD depends on the history and cause of the problem and on the individual, but common treatment options include:
Sleep apnea is a condition in which your breathing stops periodically during sleep. Each time you stop breathing in your sleep, the resulting lack of oxygen alerts your brain, which temporarily wakes you up to restart proper breathing. The constant wake-sleep cycle prevents you from achieving deep sleep. This condition can affect both adults and children and has to be diagnosed by a physician using a sleep study.
Contact us if you notice one or more of the following symptoms of sleep apnea:
Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the type of apnea and the severity of the case. Besides basic behavioural treatment, oral devices can be used to position the mouth in a way that prevents throat blockage. In more severe cases, surgery might be the best option.
A diagnosis of sleep apnea must be done by a family physician or a specialist in sleep medicine.
Our orthodontist will help you determine which treatment option is right for you.Book an Appointment